The country of Iran lies in the Western Asia and it means Land of the Aryans. The official name of the country is the Islamic Republic of Iran and its former name was Persia. The country is bordered by Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Caspian Sea, Kazakhstan, Russia, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Persian Gulf, Gulf of Oman, Iraq and Turkey. It has an estimated area of 636,000 square miles, making it the 18th largest nation in the world. Its capital city is Tehran, which is also the largest city in the country. The highest ranking official in their government is called the Supreme Leader.
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